List of Categories

Portal for General Knowledge and Complete Informations and Facts about India and World...

Explore2india.com  » Facts about India

Facts about India
  • Digg
  • del.icio.us
  • Facebook
  • Google Bookmarks
  • LinkedIn
  • StumbleUpon
  • Twitter

India Facts and Informations :


Country nameIndia
Conventional long formRepublic of India
Conventional short formIndia
Government typefederal republic
CapitalNew Delhi
Administrative divisions28 states and 7 union territories*; Andaman and Nicobar Islands*, Andhra Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Chandigarh*, Chhattisgarh, Dadra and Nagar Haveli*, Daman and Diu*, Delhi*, Goa, Gujarat, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Jharkhand, Karnataka, Kerala, Lakshadweep*, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Orissa, Pondicherry*, Punjab, Rajasthan, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu, Tripura, Uttaranchal, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal
Independence15 August 1947 ( from UK )
National holidayRepublic Day, 26 January ( 1950 )
Constitution26 January 1950
Legal systemBased on English common law; limited judicial review of legislative acts; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction, with reservations
Suffrage18 years of age; universal
Executive branchChief of state: President Abdul Kalam ( since 26 July 2002 ); Vice President Bhairon Singh Shekhawat ( since 12 August 2002 )
ElectionsPresident elected by an electoral college consisting of elected members of both houses of Parliament and the legislatures of the states for a five - year term; election last held NA July 2002 ( next to be held NA July 2007 ); vice president elected by both houses of Parliament for a five - year term; election last held 12 August 2002 ( next to be held NA August 2007 ); prime minister elected by parliamentary members of the majority party following legislative elections; election last held NA October 1999 ( next to be held NA October 2004 )
Head of governmentPrime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee ( since 19 March 1998 )
CabinetCouncil of Ministers appointed by the president on the recommendation of the prime minister
Election resultsAbdul KALAM elected president; percent of electoral college vote - NA%; Bhairon Singh SHEKHAWAT elected vice president; percent of Parliament vote - 59.8%; Atal Bihari VAJPAYEE elected prime minister; percent of vote - NA%
Legislative branchBicameral Parliament or Sansad consists of the Council of States or Rajya Sabha ( a body consisting of not more than 250 members, up to 12 of which are appointed by the president, the remainder are chosen by the elected members of the state and territorial assemblies; members serve six - year terms ) and the People's Assembly or Lok Sabha (545 seats; 543 elected by popular vote, 2 appointed by the president; members serve five - year terms )
ElectionsPeople's Assembly - last held 5 September through 3 October 1999 ( next to be held NA 2004 )
Election resultsPeople's Assembly - percent of vote by party - BJP alliance 40.8%, Congress ( I ) alliance 33.8%, other 25.4%; seats by party - BJP alliance 304, Congress ( I ) alliance 134, other 107
Judicial branchSupreme Court ( judges are appointed by the president and remain in office until they reach the age of 65 )
Political parties and leadersAll India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam or AIADMK [ C. Jayalalitha JAYARAM ]; All India Forward Bloc or AIFB, [D. BISWAS ( general secretary )]; Asom Gana Parishad [ Brindaban GOSWAMI ]; Bahujan Samaj Party or BSP [ MAYAWATI ]; Bharatiya Janata Party or BJP [ Jana KRISNAMURTHY ]; Biju Janata Dal or BJD [ Naveen PATNAIK ]; Communist Party of India or CPI [ Ardhendu Bhushan BARDHAN ]; Communist Party of India / Marxist-Leninist or CPI / ML [ Dipankar BHATTACHARYA ]; Congress ( I ) Party [ Sonia GANDHI ]; Dravida Munnetra Kazagham or DMK ( a regional party in Tamil Nadu ) [ M. KARUNANIDHI ]; Indian National League [ Suliaman SAITH ]; Janata Dal ( Secular ) [ H. D. Deve GOWDA ]; Janata Dal ( United ) or JDU [ Sharad YADAV ]; Kerala Congress ( Mani faction ) [ K. M. MANI ]; Marumalarchi Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam or MDMK [ VAIKO ]; Muslim League [ G. M. BANATWALA ]; Nationalist Congress Party or NCP [ Sharad PAWAR ]; Rashtriya Janata Dal or RJD [ Laloo Prasad YADAV ]; Revolutionary Socialist Party or RSP [ Abani ROY ]; Samajwadi Party or SP [ Mulayam Singh YADAV ]; Shiromani Akali Dal [ G. S. TOHRA ]; Shiv Sena [ Bal THACKERAY ]; Tamil Maanila Congress [ G. K. VASAN ]; Telugu Desam Party or TDP [ Chandrababu NAIDU ]; Trinamool Congress [ Mamata BANERJEE ]
Political pressure groups and leadersNumerous religious or militant / chauvinistic organizations, including Vishwa Hindu Parishad, Bajrang Dal, and Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh; various separatist groups seeking greater communal and / or regional autonomy, including the All Parties Hurriyat Conference International organization participation: AfDB, ARF ( dialogue partner ), AsDB, ASEAN ( dialogue partner ), BIS, C, CP, ESCAP, FAO, G - 6, G - 15, G - 19, G - 24, G - 77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IEA ( observer ), IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM ( observer ), ISO, ITU, MIPONUH, MONUC, NAM, OAS ( observer ), OPCW, PCA, SAARC, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNIFIL, UNIKOM, UNMEE, UNMIBH, UNMIK, UNMOVIC, UNU, UPU, WCL, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO
Diplomatic representation in the USchief of mission: Ambassador Lalit MANSINGH
consulate ( s ) generalChicago, Houston, New York, and San Francisco FAX : [ 1 ] ( 202 ) 483 - 3972 telephone: [1] (202) 939 - 7000 chancery : 2107 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20008; note - Embassy located at 2536 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20008 Diplomatic representation from the US : Chief of mission : Ambassador Robert D. BLACKWILL embassy : Shantipath, Chanakyapuri, New Delhi 110021
mailing address : use embassy street address telephone : [ 91 ] ( 11 ) 419 - 8000 Fax : [ 91 ] ( 11 ) 419 - 0017
consulate(s) generalChennai ( Madras ), Kolkata ( Calcutta ), Mumbai ( Bombay )
Flag description :three equal horizontal bands of saffron ( subdued orange ) ( top ), white, and green with a blue chakra ( 24 - spoked wheel ) centered in the white band; similar to the flag of Niger, which has a small orange disk centered in the white band

Related Keywords : Education Economy about India Facts | Facts about India the Country | Facts about Indian | Facts about India Languages | Capitals of India Facts | Facts about India Location | Facts Indian Economy Culture | Basic about India Facts | India about Facts | India facts about India | Facts about Northern Indian | List of Facts about India | India Facts and History Information | Facts about Indian Culture | History of Facts about India | India Facts Country Culture | Facts Indian Architecture | Facts about India Economy | Facts about India Information | India Facts Geograpical | India Facts Population |

Leave a Comment For Facts about India

Required fields are marked *


*